Root, Prefix or Suffix

Root, Prefix or Suffix Meaning Examples
a, ac, ad, af, ag, al, an, ap, as, at to, toward, near, in addition to, by aside, accompany, adjust, aggression, allocate, annihilate, affix, associate, attend, adverb
a-, an- not, without apolitical, atheist, anarchy, anonymous, apathy, aphasia, anemia
ab, abs away from, off absolve, abrupt, absent
-able, -ible Adjective: worth, ability solvable, incredible
acer, acid, acri bitter, sour, sharp acerbic, acidity, acrid, acrimony
act, ag do, act, drive active, react, agent, active, agitate
acu sharp acute, acupuncture, accurate
-acy, -cy Noun: state or quality privacy, infancy, adequacy, intimacy, supremacy
-ade act, product, sweet drink blockade, lemonade
aer, aero air, atmosphere, aviation aerial, aerosol, aerodrome
ag, agi, ig, act do, move, go agent, agenda, agitate, navigate, ambiguous, action
-age Noun: activity, or result of action courage, suffrage, shrinkage, tonnage
agri, agro pertaining to fields or soil agriculture, agroindustry
-al Noun: action, result of action referral, disavowal, disposal, festival
-al, -ial, -ical Adjective: quality, relation structural, territorial, categorical
alb, albo white, without pigment albino, albite
ali, allo, alter other alias, alibi, alien, alloy, alter, alter ego, altruism
alt high, deep altimeter, altitude
am, ami, amor love, like, liking amorous, amiable, amicable, enamoured
ambi both ambidextrous
ambul to walk ambulatory, amble, ambulance, somnambulist
-an Noun: person artisan, guardian, historian, magician
ana, ano up, back, again, anew anode, anagram, anagenetic
-ance, -ence Noun: action, state, quality or process resistance, independence, extravagance, fraudulence
-ancy, -ency Noun: state, quality or capacity vacancy, agency, truancy, latency
andr, andro male, characteristics of men androcentric, android
ang angular angle
anim mind, life, spirit, anger animal, animate, animosity
ann, annu, enni yearly annual, annual, annuity, anniversary, perrenial
-ant, -ent Noun: an agent, something that performs the action disinfectant, dependent, fragrant
-ant, -ent, -ient Adjective: kind of agent, indication important, dependent, convenient
ante before anterior, anteroom, antebellum, antedate, antecedent antediluvian
anthrop man anthropology, misanthrope, philanthropy
anti, ant against, opposite antisocial, antiseptic, antithesis, antibody, antinomies, antifreeze, antipathy
anti, antico old antique, antiquated, antiquity
apo, ap, aph away from, detached, formed apology, apocalypse, aphagia
aqu water aqueous
-ar, -ary Adjective: resembling, related to spectacular, unitary
arch chief, first, rule archangel, architect, archaic, monarchy, matriarchy, patriarchy, Archeozoic era
-ard, -art Noun: characterized braggart, drunkard, wizard
aster, astr star aster, asterisk, asteroid, astronomy, astronaut
-ate Noun: state, office, fuction candidate, electorate, delegate
-ate Verb: cause to be graduate, ameliorate, amputate, colligate
-ate Adjective: kind of state inviolate
-ation Noun: action, resulting state specialization, aggravation, alternation
auc, aug, aut to originate, to increase augment , author, augment, auction
aud, audi, aur, aus to hear, listen audience, audio, audible, auditorium, audiovisual, audition, auricular, ausculate
aug, auc increase augur, augment, auction
aut, auto self automobile, automatic, automotive, autograph, autonomous, autoimmune
bar weight, pressure barometer
be on, around, over, about, excessively, make, cause, name, affect berate, bedeck, bespeak, belittle, beleaguer
belli war rebellion, belligerent, casus belli, bellicose
bene good, well, gentle benefactor, beneficial, benevolent, benediction, beneficiary, benefit
bi, bine two biped, bifurcate, biweekly, bivalve, biannual
bibl, bibli, biblio book bibliophile, bibliography, Bible
bio, bi life biography, biology, biometricsm biome, biosphere
brev short abbreviate, brevity, brief
cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, capt, cid, cip to take, to seize, to hold receive, deceive, capable, capacious, captive, accident, capture, occasion, concept, intercept, forceps, except, reciprocate
cad, cas to fall cadaver, cadence, cascade
-cade procession motorcade
calor heat calorie, caloric, calorimeter
capit, capt head decapitate, capital, captain, caption
carn flesh carnivorous, incarnate, reincarnation, carnal
cat, cata, cath down, with catalogue, category, catheter
caus, caut burn, heat caustic, cauldron, cauterize
cause, cuse, cus cause, motive because, excuse, accusation
ceas, ced, cede, ceed, cess to go, to yield, move, go, surrender succeed, proceed, precede, recede, secession, exceed, succession
cent hundred centennial, century, centipede
centr, centri center eccentricity, centrifugal, concentric, eccentric
chrom color chrome, chromosome, polychrome, chromatic
chron time chronology, chronic, chronicle chronometer, anachronism, synchronize
cide, cis, cise to kill, to cut, cut down fratricide, homicide, incision, incision, circumcision, scissors
circum around circumnavigate, circumflex, circumstance, circumcision, circumference, circumorbital, circumlocution, circumvent, circumscribe, circulatory
cit call, start incite, citation, cite
civ citizen civic, civil, civilian, civilization
clam, claim cry out exclamation, clamor, proclamation, reclamation, acclaim
clin lean, bend decline, aclinic, inclination
clud, clus claus to close, shut include, exclude, clause, claustrophobia, enclose, exclusive, reclusive, conclude
co, cog, col, coll, con, com, cor with, together cohesiveness, cognate, collaborate, convene, commitment, compress, contemporary, converge, compact, confluence, convenient, concatenate, conjoin, combine, correct
cogn, gnos to know recognize, cognizant, diagnose, agnostic, incognito, prognosis
com, con fully complete, compel, conscious, condense, confess, confirm
contr, contra, counter against, opposite contradict, counteract, contravene, contrary, counterspy, contrapuntal
cord, cor, cardi heart cordial, concord, discord, courage, encourage
corp body corporation, corporal punishment, corpse, corpulent, corpus luteum
cort correct escort, cortage
cosm universe, world cosmos, microcosm, cosmopolitan, cosmonaut
cour, cur, curr, curs run, course occur, excursion, discourse, courier, course
crat, cracy rule autocrat, aristocrat, theocracy, technocracy
cre, cresc, cret, crease grow create, crescent, accretion, increase
crea create creature, recreation, creation
cred believe creed, credo, credence, credit, credulous, incredulous, incredible
cresc, cret, crease, cru rise, grow crescendo, concrete, increase, decrease, accrue
crit separate, choose critical, criterion, hypocrite
cur, curs run current, concurrent, concur, incur, recur, occur, courier, precursor, cursive
cura care curator, curative, manicure
cycl, cyclo wheel, circle, circular Cyclops, unicycle, bicycle, cyclone, cyclic
de- from, down, away, to do the opposite, reverse, against detach, deploy, derange, decrease, deodorize, devoid, deflate, degenerate
dec, deca ten, ten times decimal, decade, decalogue, decimate, decathlon
dec, dign suitable decent decorate dignity
dei, div God divinity, divine, deity, divination, deify
dem, demo people, populace, population democracy, demography, demagogue, epidemic
dent, dont tooth dental, denture, orthodontist, periodontal
derm skin, covering hypodermic, dermatology, epidermis, taxidermy
di-, dy- two, twice, double divide, diverge, diglycerides
dia through, across, between diameter, diagonal, dialogue dialect, dialectic, diagnosis, diachronic
dic, dict, dit say, speak dictation, dictionary, dictate, dictator, Dictaphone, edict, predict, verdict, contradict, benediction
dis, dif not, opposite of, reverse, separate, deprive of, away dismiss, differ, disallow, disperse, dissuade, divide, disconnect, disproportion, disrespect, distemper, disarray
dit give credit, audit
doc, doct teach, prove docile, doctor, doctrine, document, dogma, indoctrinate
domin master, that which is under control dominate, dominion, predominant, domain
don give donate, condone
dorm sleep dormant, dormitory
dox thought, opinion, praise orthodox, heterodox, paradox, doxology
-drome run, step syndrome, aerodrome, velodrome
duc, duct to lead, pull produce, abduct, product, transducer, viaduct, aqueduct, induct, deduct, reduce, induce
dura hard, lasting durable, duration, endure
dynam power dynamo, dynamic, dynamite, hydrodynamics
dys- bad, abnormal, difficult, impaired, unfavorable dysfunctional, dyslexia, dyspathy
e- not, missing, out, fully, away, computer network related emit, embed, eternal,ether, erase, email, e-tailer
ec- out of, outside echo, eclipse, eclectic, ecesis, ecstasy, exzema
eco- household, environment, relating to ecology or economy ecology, economize, ecospheres, ecomanagement
ecto- outside, external ectomorph, ectoderm, ectoplasm
-ed Verb: past tense dressed, faded, patted, closed, introduced
-ed Adjective: having the quality or characteristics of winged, moneyed, dogged, tiered
-en Verb: to cause to become lengthen, moisten, sharpen
-en Adjective: material golden, woolen, silken
en-, em- put into, make, provide with, surround with enamor, embolden, enslave, empower, entangle
-ence, -ency Noun: action or process, quality or state reference, emergency, dependence, eminence, latency
end- inside, within endorse, endocardial, endergonic, endoskeleton, endoscope, endogenous
epi- upon, close to, over, after, altered epicenter, epicarp, epilogue, epigone, epidiorite
equi- equal equidistant, equilateral, equilibrium, equinox, equation, equator
-er, -ier Adjective: comparative better, brighter, sooner, hotter, happier
-er, -or Noun: person or thing that does something flyer, reporter, player, member, fryer, collector, concentrator
-er, -or Verb: action ponder, dishonor, clamor
erg work, effect energy, erg, allergy, ergometer, ergograph, ergophobia
-ery collective qualities, art, practice, trade, collection, state, condition snobbery, bakery, geenery, gallery, slavery
-es, -ies Noun: plural of most nouns ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -o and -z and some in -f and -y passes, glasses, ladies, heroes
-es, -ies Verb: third person singular present indicative of verbs that end in -ch, -s, -sh, - and some in -y blesses, hushes, fizzes, defies
-ess female actress, goddess, poetess
-est, -iest Adjective or Adverb: superlative latest, strongest, luckiest, lyingest
ev-, et- time, age medieval, eternal
ex- out of, away from, lacking, former exit, exhale, exclusive, exceed, explosion, ex-mayor
exter-, extra-, extro- outside of, beyond external, extrinsic, extraordinary, extrapolate, extraneous, extrovert
fa, fess speak fable, fabulous, fame, famous, confess, profess
fac, fact, fec, fect, fic, fas, fea do, make difficult, fashion, feasible, feature, factory, fact, effect, manufacture, amplification, confection
fall, fals deceive fallacy, falsify, fallacious
femto quadrillionth femtosecond
fer bear, carry ferry, coniferous, fertile, defer, infer, refer, transfer
fic, feign, fain, fit, feat shape, make, fashion fiction, faint, feign
fid belief, faith confide, diffident, fidelity
fid, fide, feder faith, trust confidante, fidelity, confident, infidelity, infidel, federal, confederacy, semper fi
fig shape, form figurem, effigy, figure, figment
fila, fili thread filigree, filament, filter, filet, filibuster
fin end, ended, finished final, finite, finish, confine, fine, refine, define, finale
fix repair, attach fix, fixation, fixture, affix, prefix, suffix
flex, flect bend flex, reflex, flexible, flexor, inflexibility, reflect, deflect,circumflex
flict strike affliction, conflict, inflict
flu, fluc, fluv, flux flow influence, fluid, flue, flush, fluently, fluctuate, reflux, influx
-fold Adverb: in a manner of, marked by fourfold
for, fore before forecast, fortune, foresee
forc, fort strength, strong effort, fort, forte, fortifiable, fortify, forte, fortitude
form shape, resemble form, format, conform, formulate, perform, formal, formula
fract, frag, frai break fracture, infraction, fragile, fraction, refract, frail
fuge flee subterfuge, refuge, centrifuge
-ful Noun: an amount or quanity that fills mouthful
-ful Adjective: having, giving, marked by fanciful
fuse pour confuse, transfuse
-fy make, form into falsify, dandify
gam marriage bigamy, monogamy, polygamy
gastr, gastro stomach gastric, gastronomic, gastritis, gastropod
gen kind generous
gen birth, race, produce genesis, genetics, eugenics, genealogy, generate, genetic, antigen, pathogen
geo earth geometry, geography, geocentric, geology
germ vital part germination, germ, germane
gest carry, bear congest, gestation
giga billion gigabyte, gigaflop
gin careful gingerly
gloss, glot tongue glossary, polyglot, epiglottis
glu, glo lump, bond, glue glue, agglutinate, conglomerate
gor to gather, to bring together category, categorize
grad, gress, gree to gather, to bring together, step, go grade, degree, progress, gradual, graduate, egress
graph, gram, graf write, written, draw graph, graphic, autograph, photography, graphite, telegram, polygraph, grammar, biography, lithograph, graphic
grat pleasing congratulate, gratuity, grateful, ingrate
grav heavy, weighty grave, gravity, aggravate, gravitate
greg herd gregarious, congregation, segregate, gregarian
hale, heal make whole, sound inhale, exhale, heal, healthy, healthiness
helio sun heliograph, heliotrope, heliocentric
hema, hemo blood hemorrhage, hemoglobin, hemophilia, hemostat
her, here, hes stick adhere, cohere, cohesion, inherent, hereditary, hesitate
hetero other, different heterodox, heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodyne
hex, ses, sex six hexagon, hexameter, sestet, sextuplets
homo same homogenize, homosexual, homonym, homophone
hum, human earth, ground, man humus, exhume, humane
hydr, hydra, hydro water dehydrate, hydrant, hydraulic, hydraulics, hydrogen, hydrophobia
hyper over, above hyperactive, hypertensive, hyperbolic, hypersensitive, hyperventilate, hyperkinetic
hypn sleep hypnosis, hypnotherapy
-ia Noun: names, diseases phobia
-ian, an Noun: related to, one that is pedestrian, human
-iatry Noun: art of healing psychiatry
-ic Adjective: quality, relation generic
-ic, ics Noun: related to the arts and sciences arithmetic, economics
-ice Noun: act malice
-ify Verb: cause specify
ignis fire ignite, igneous, ignition
-ile Adjective: having the qualities of projectile
in, im into, on, near, towards instead, import
in, im, il, ir not illegible, irresolute, inaction, inviolate, innocuous, intractable, innocent, impregnable, impossible, imposter
infra beneath infrared, infrastructure
-ing Noun: material made for, activity, result of an activity flooring, swimming, building
-ing Verb: present participle depicting
-ing Adjective: activity cohering
inter between, among international, intercept, interject, intermission, internal, intermittent,
intra within, during, between layers, underneath intramural, intranet, intranatal
intro into, within, inward interoffice, introvert, introspection, introduce
-ion Noun: condition or action abduction
-ish Adjective: having the character of newish
-ism Noun: doctrine, belief, action or conduct formalism
-ist Noun: person or member podiatrist
-ite Noun: state or quality graphite
-ity, ty Noun: state or quality lucidity, novelty
-ive Noun: condition native
-ive, -ative, -itive Adjective: having the quality of festive, cooperative, sensitive
-ize Verb: cause fantasize
jac, ject throw reject, eject, project, trajectory, interject, dejected, inject, ejaculate, adjacent
join, junct join adjoining, enjoin, juncture, conjunction, injunction, conjunction
judice judge prejudice
jug, junct, just to join junction, adjust, conjugal
juven young juvenile, rejuvenate
labor work laborious, belabor
lau, lav, lot, lut wash launder, lavatory, lotion, ablution, dilute
lect, leg, lig choose, gather, select, read collect, legible, eligible
leg law legal, legislate, legislature, legitimize
-less Adjective: without, missing motiveless
levi light alleviate, levitate, levity
lex, leag, leg law legal, college, league
liber, liver free liberty, liberal, liberalize, deliverance
lide strike collide, nuclide
liter letters literary, literature, literal, alliteration, obliterate
loc, loco place, area location, locally, locality, allocate, locomotion
log, logo, ology word, study, say, speech, reason, study catalog, prologue, dialogue, zoology, logo
loqu, locut talk, speak eloquent, loquacious, colloquial, circumlocution
luc, lum, lun, lus, lust light translucent, luminary, luster, luna, illuminate, illustrate
lude play prelude
-ly Adverb: in the manner of fluently
macr-, macer lean emaciated, meager
magn great magnify, magnificent, magnanimous, magnate, magnitude, magnum
main strength, foremost mainstream, mainsail, domain, remain
mal bad, badly malformation, maladjusted, dismal, malady, malcontent,malfunction, malfeasance, maleficent
man, manu hand, make, do manual, manage, manufacture, manacle, manicure, manifest, maneuver, emancipate, management
mand command mandatory, remand, mandate
mania madness mania, maniac, kleptomania, pyromania
mar, mari, mer sea, pool marine, marsh, maritime, mermaid
matri mother matrimony, maternal, matriarchate, matron
medi half, middle, between, halfway mediate, medieval, Mediterranean, mediocre, medium
mega great, million megaphone, megaton, megaflop, megalomaniac, megabyte, megalopolis
mem recall, remember memo, commemoration, memento, memoir, memorable
ment mind mental, mention
-ment Noun: condition or result document
meso middle mesomorph, mesoamerica, mesosphere
meta beyond, change metaphor, metamorphosis, metabolism, metahistorical, metainformation
meter measure meter, voltammeter, barometer, thermometer
metr admeasure, apportion metrics, asymmetric, parametric, telemetry
micro small, millionth microscope, microfilm, microcard, microwave, micrometer, microvolt
migra wander migrate, emigrant, immigrate
mill, kilo thousand millennium, kilobyte, kiloton
milli thousandth millisecond, milligram, millivolt
min little, small minute, minor, minuscule
mis wrong, bad, badly misconduct, misinform, misinterpret, mispronounce, misnomer, mistake, misogynist
mit, miss send emit, remit, submit, admit, commit, permit, transmit, omit, intermittent, mission, missile
mob, mov, mot move motion, remove, mobile, motor
mon warn, remind monument, admonition, monitor, premonition
mono one monopoly, monotype, monologue, mononucleosis, monorail, monotheist,
mor, mort mortal, death mortal, immortal, mortality, mortician, mortuary
morph shape, form amorphous, dimorphic, metamorphosis, morphology, polymorphic, morpheme, amorphous
multi many, much multifold, multilingual, multiped, multiply, multitude, multipurpose, multinational
nano billionth nanosecond, nanobucks
nasc, nat, gnant, nai to be born nascent, native, pregnant, naive
nat, nasc to be from, to spring forth innate, natal, native, renaissance
neo new Neolithic, nuveau riche, neologism, neophyte, neonate
-ness Noun: state, condition, quality kindness
neur nerve neuritis, neuropathic, neurologist, neural, neurotic
nom law, order autonomy, astronomy, gastronomy, economy
nom, nym name nominate, synonym
nomen, nomin name nomenclature, nominate, ignominious
non nine nonagon
non not nonferrous, nonsense, nonabrasive, nondescript
nov new novel, renovate, novice, nova, innovate
nox, noc night nocturnal, equinox, noctilucent
numer number numeral, numeration, enumerate, innumerable
numisma coin numismatics
ob, oc, of, op toward, against, in the way oppose, occur, offer, obtain
oct eight octopus, octagon, octogenarian, octave
oligo few, little Oligocene, oligosaccharide, oligotrophic, oligarchy
omni all, every omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, omnivorous
onym name anonymous, pseudonym, antonym, synonym
oper work operate, cooperate, opus
-or Noun: condition or activity valor, honor, humor, minor
ortho straight, correct orthodox, orthodontist, orthopedic, unorthodox
-ory Noun: place for, serves for territory, rectory
-ous, -eous, -ose, -ious Adjective: having the quality of, relating to adventurous, courageous, verbose, fractious
over excessive, above overwork, overall, overwork
pac peace pacifist, pacify, pacific ocean
pair, pare arrange, assemblage, two repair, impair, compare, prepare
paleo old Paleozoic, Paleolithic, paleomagnetism, paleopsychology
pan all Pan-American, pan-African, panacea, pandemonium (place of all the demons),
para beside paradox, paraprofessional, paramedic, paraphrase, parachute
pat, pass, path feel, suffer patient, passion, sympathy, pathology
pater, patr father paternity, patriarch, patriot, patron, patronize
path, pathy feeling, suffering pathos, sympathy, antipathy, apathy, telepathy
ped, pod foot pedal, impede, pedestrian, centipede, tripod, podiatry, antipode, podium
pedo child orthopedic, pedagogue, pediatrics
pel, puls drive, push, urge compel, dispel, expel, repel, propel, pulse, impulse, pulsate, compulsory, expulsion, repulsive
pend, pens, pond hang, weigh pendant, pendulum, suspend, appendage, pensive, append
per through, intensive persecute, permit, perspire, perforate, persuade
peri around periscope, perimeter, perigee, periodontal
phage eat macrophage, bacteriophage
phan, phas, phen, fan, phant, fant show, make visible phantom, fantasy
phe speak blaspheme, cipher, phenomenon, philosopher
phil love philosopher, philanthropy, philharmonic, bibliophile
phlegma inflammation phlegm, phlegmatic
phobia, phobos fear phobia, claustrophobia, acrophobia, aquaphobia, ergophobia, homophobia
phon sound telephone, phonics, phonograph, phonetic, homophone, microphone, symphony, euphonious
phot, photo light photograph, photoelectric, photogenic, photosynthesis, photon
pico trillionth picofarad, picocurie, picovolt
pict paint, show, draw picture, depict
plac, plais please placid, placebo, placate, complacent
pli, ply fold reply, implicate, ply
plore cry out, wail implore, exploration, deploring
plu, plur, plus more plural, pluralist, plus
pneuma, pneumon breath pneumatic, pneumonia,
pod foot, feet podiatry, tripod
poli city metropolis, police, politics, Indianapolis, megalopolis, acropolis
poly many polytheist, polygon, polygamy, polymorphous
pon, pos, pound place, put postpone, component, opponent, proponent, expose, impose, deposit, posture, position, expound, impound
pop people population, populous, popular
port carry porter, portable, transport, report, export, import, support, transportation
portion part, share portion, proportion
post after, behind postpone, postdate
pot power potential, potentate, impotent
pre, pur before precede
prehendere seize, grasp apprehend, comprehend, comprehensive, prehensile
prin, prim, prime first primacy, prima donna, primitive, primary, primal, primeval, prince, principal
pro for, foward propel
proto first prototype, protocol, protagonist, protozoan, Proterozoic, protoindustrial
psych mind, soul psyche, psychiatry, psychology, psychosis
punct point, dot punctual, punctuation, puncture, acupuncture, punctuation
pute think dispute, computer
quat, quad four quadrangle, quadruplets
quint, penta five quintet, quintuplets, pentagon, pentane, pentameter
quip ship equip, equipment
quir, quis, quest, quer seek, ask query, inquire, exquisite, quest
re back, again report, realign, retract, revise, regain
reg, recti straighten regiment, regular, rectify, correct, direct, rectangle
retro backwards retrorocket, retrospect, retrogression, retroactive
ri, ridi, risi laughter deride, ridicule, ridiculous, derision, risible
rog, roga ask prerogative, interrogation, derogatory
rupt break rupture, interrupt, abrupt, disrupt, ruptible
sacr, sanc, secr sacred sacred, sacrosanct, sanction, consecrate, desecrate
salv, salu safe, healthy salvation, salvage, salutation
sanct holy sanctify, sanctuary, sanction, sanctimonious, sacrosanct
sat, satis enough satient, saturate, satisfy
sci, scio, scientia know science, conscious, omniscient, cognocienti
scope see, watch telescope, microscope, kaleidoscope, periscope, stethoscope
scrib, script write scribe, scribble, inscribe, describe, subscribe, prescribe, manuscript
se apart, move away from secede
sect, sec cut intersect, transect, dissect, secant, section
sed, sess, sid sit sediment, session, obsession, possess, preside, president, reside, subside
semi half, partial semifinal, semiconscious, semiannual, semimonthly, semicircle
sen, scen old, grow old senior, senator, senile, senescence, evanescent
sent, sens feel, think sentiment, consent, resent, dissent, sentimental, sense, sensation, sensitive, sensory, dissension
sept seven septet, septennial
sequ, secu, sue follow sequence, consequence, sequel, subsequent, prosecute, consecutive, second, ensue, pursue
serv save, serve, keep servant, service, subservient, servitude, preserve, conserve, reservation, deserve, conservation, observe
-ship Noun: status, condition relationship, friendship
sign, signi sign, mark, seal signal, signature, design, insignia, significant
simil, simul like, resembling similar, assimilate, simulate, simulacrum, simultaneous
sist, sta, stit stand, withstand, make up assist, insist, persist, circumstance, stamina, status, state, static, stable, stationary, substitute
soci to join, companions sociable, society
sol, solus alone solo, soliloquy, solitaire, solitude, solitary, isolate
solv, solu, solut loosen, explain solvent, solve, absolve, resolve, soluble, solution, resolution, resolute, dissolute, absolution
somn sleep insomnia, somnambulist
soph wise sophomore (wise fool), philosophy, sophisticated
spec, spect, spi, spic look, see specimen, specific, spectator, spectacle, aspect, speculate, inspect, respect, prospect, retrospective, introspective, expect, conspicuous
sper render favorable prosper
sphere ball, sphere sphere, stratosphere, hemisphere, spheroid
spir breath spirit, conspire, inspire, aspire, expire, perspire, respiration
stand, stant, stab, stat, stan, sti, sta, st, stead stand stature, establish, stance
-ster person mobster, monster
strain, strict, string, stige bind, pull, draw tight stringent, strict, restrict, constrict, restrain, boa constrictor
stru, struct, stroy, stry build construe, structure, construct, instruct, obstruct, destruction, destroy, industry, ministry
sub, suc, suf, sup, sur, sus under, below, from, secretly, instead of sustain, survive, support, suffice, succeed, submerge, submarine, substandard, subnormal, subvert
sume, sump take, use, waste consume, assume, sump, presumption
super, supra over, above superior, suprarenal, superscript, supernatural, superimpose, supercede
syn, sym together, at the same time sympathy, synthesis, synchronous, syndicate
tact, tang, tag, tig, ting touch tactile, contact, intact, intangible, tangible, contagious, contiguous, contingent
tain, ten, tent, tin hold, keep, have retain, continue, content, tenacious
tect, teg cover detect, protect, tegular, tegument
tele distance, far, from afar telephone, telegraph, telegram, telescope, television, telephoto, telecast, telepathy, telepathy
tem, tempo time tempo, temporary, extemporaneously, contemporary, pro tem, temporal
ten, tin, tain hold tenacious, tenant, tenure, untenable, detention, retentive, content, pertinent, continent, obstinate, contain, abstain, pertain, detain
tend, tent, tens stretch, strain tendency, extend, intend, contend, pretend, superintend, tender, extent, tension, pretense
tera trillion terabyte, teraflop
term end, boundary, limit exterminate, terminal
terr, terra earth terrain, terrarium, territory, terrestrial
test to bear witness testament, detest, testimony, attest, testify
the, theo God, a god monotheism, polytheism, atheism, theology
therm heat thermometer, theorem, thermal, thermos bottle, thermostat, hypothermia
thesis, thet place, put antithesis, hypothesis, synthesis, epithet
tire draw, pull attire, retire, entire
tom cut atom (not cutable), appendectomy, tonsillectomy, dichotomy, anatomy
tor, tors, tort twist torture, retort, extort, distort, contort, torsion, tortuous, torturous
tox poison toxic, intoxicate, antitoxin
tract, tra, trai, treat drag, draw, pull attract, tractor, traction, extract, retract, protract, detract, subtract, contract, intractable
trans across, beyond, change transform, transoceanic, transmit, transportation, transducer
tri three tripod, triangle, trinity, trilateral
trib pay, bestow tribute, contribute, attribute, retribution, tributary
tribute give contribute, distribute, tributary
turbo disturb turbulent, disturb, turbid, turmoil
typ print type, prototype, typical, typography, typewriter, typology, typify
ultima last ultimate, ultimatum
umber, umbraticum shadow umbra, penumbra, (take) umbrage, adumbrate
un not, against, opposite unceasing, unequal
uni one uniform, unilateral, universal, unity, unanimous, unite, unison, unicorn
-ure Noun: act, condition, process, function exposure, conjecture, measure
vac empty vacate, vacuum, evacuate, vacation, vacant, vacuous
vade go evade, invader
vale, vali, valu strength, worth equivalent, valiant, validity, evaluate, value, valor
veh, vect to carry vector, vehicle, convection, vehement
ven, vent come convene, intervene, venue, convenient, avenue, circumvent, invent, convent, venture, event, advent, prevent
ver, veri true very, aver, verdict, verity, verify, verisimilitude
verb, verv word verify, veracity, verbalize, verve
vert, vers turn, change convert, revert, advertise, versatile, vertigo, invert, reversion, extravert, introvert, diversion, introvert, convertible, reverse, controversy
vi way viable, vibrate, vibrant
vic, vicis change, substitute vicarious, vicar, vicissitude
vict, vinc conquer victor, evict, convict, convince, invincible
vid, vis see video, evident, provide, providence, visible, revise, supervise, vista, visit, vision, review, indivisible
viv, vita, vivi alive, life revive, survive, vivid, vivacious, vitality, vivisection, vital, vitamins, revitalize
voc, voke call vocation, avocation, convocation, invocation, evoke, provoke, revoke, advocate, provocative, vocal
vol will malevolent, benevolent, volunteer, volition
volcan fire volcano, vulcanize, Vulcan
volv, volt, vol turn about, roll revolve, voluble, voluminous, convolution, revolt, evolution
vor eat greedily voracious, carnivorous, herbivorous, omnivorous, devour
-ward Adverb: in a direction or manner homeward
-wise Adverb: in the manner of, with regard to timewise, clockwise, bitwise
with against withhold, without, withdraw, forthwith
-y Noun: state, condition, result of an activity society, victory
-y Adjective: marked by, having hungry, angry, smeary, teary
zo animal zoo (zoological garden), zoology, zodiac, protozoan

Root word Meanings Origin Examples and Definitions
a/n not, without Greek abyss - without bottom; achromatic - without color; anhydrous - without water
a on Latin afire - on fire; ashore - on the shore; aside - on the side
a, ab/s
from, away, off Latin abduct - carry away by force; abnormal - away from normal, not normal; absent - away, not present; aversion - the act of turning away from; abbreviate: to shorten.
a/c/d to, toward, near Latin

accelerate - to increase the speed of; accessible - easily entered, approached, or obtained; admittance - allowing into;

acro top, height, tip, beginning Greek

acrobat - a "high walker"; acronym - a word formed from the first (capital) letters of a word; acrophobia - fear of height

act do Latin activity - something that a person does; react - to do something in response; interaction - communication between two or more things
aer/o air Greek aerate - to let air reach something; aerial - relating to the air; aerospace - the air space
agr/i/o farming Latin
agriculture - management of the land, agribusiness - making money by utilizing land; agrarian - relating to the management of land
alg/o pain Latin neuralgia - pain caused by a nerve; analgesic - a drug that makes one pain free; nostalgia - aching for the familiar
ambi, amphi both, on both sides, around Latin ambidextrous - able to use both hands equally; ambiguous - having more than one meaning; ambivalence - conflicting or opposite feelings toward a person or thing
ambul walk, move Latin amble - to walk in a slow, relaxed way; ambulant - walking or moving around; ambulance - a vehicle that moves a patient
ami/o love Latin amiable - friendly, pleasant, lovable; amity - friendly and peaceful relations; amorous - showing romantic love
ana up, back, against,
again, throughout
Greek analysis - a close examination of something; anatomy - the structure of something as visible when cut up for analysis; anachronism - not being in the right place in time
andr/o man, male Greek androgynous - being both male and female; android - resembling a human; misandry - hatred towards men
anim life, spirit Latin animal - a living organism; animate - to make alive; equanimity - of balanced spirit
ann/enn year Latin anniversary - a date observed once a year; annual - happening once a year; millennium - 1,000 years
ante before, in front Latin antecede - to come before something in time; antemeridian - before noon; anteroom- a small room before the main room
anth/o flower Greek chrysanthemum and amaranth - names of flowers; anthology - a collection of treasured writings; anthozoan - half plant, half animal, like anemones and corals.
anthrop/o human Greek anthropology - the study of mankind; anthropomorphism - giving human form to non-human things; philanthropy - the love to mankind (expressed through good deeds)
anti against, opposite of Greek antibody - a substance that destroys micro-organisms; antiseptic - preventing infection; antisocial - opposing social norm
apo, apho away, off, separate Greek aphorism - a short expression of a general truth; apology - an explicit expression of regret, apostrophe - a small dash used in place of an omitted letter
aqu/a water Latin aquarium - a water container for fish; aquatic- relating to water; aqueduct - a pipeline for water
arbor tree Latin arborist - someone working with trees; arbor - a shady area formed by trees; arborous - having many trees
chief, most important, rule Greek archbishop - the highest ranking bishop; archenemy - chief or worst enemy; matriarch - a female who rules a group; monarch - a king or queen
arch/a/i primitive, ancient Greek archaeology - the study of ancient cultures; archaic - belonging to an earlier period; archive - a collection of historical materials
arthr/o joint Latin
arthroscope - a tool to see inside a joint; arthritis - inflammation of a joint; arthropod - invertebrates with jointed legs, like spiders, crustaceans, insects
art skill Latin artifact - object made by a person's skill; artisan - a person skilled in a craft; artist - a person who creates skillfully
star, stars, outer space Greek astronaut - a person traveling to the stars; astronomer - someone who studies the stars; asterisk - a star-shaped sign used as a reference tool
aud/i/io hear Latin audible - loud enough to be heard; audience - people who listen to a program; audiovisual - relating to sound and vision
auto self, same, one Greek autocrat - a person who governs with absolute power; autograph - a person's own signature; automatic - moving by itself
avi/a bird Latin aviary - a large enclosure for birds; aviatrix - a female airplane pilot; aviation - the art of designing or operating aircraft
bar/o pressure, weight Greek baric - pertaining to pressure, esp. of the atmosphere; milliard - metric unit, equal to 1/1000th of a bar; baryon - heavy elementary particle
bell/i war Latin bellicose - warlike; belligerent - hostile, ready to fight; rebel - person who opposes and fights
bene good, well Latin benefactor - person who gives money to a cause; beneficial - producing a good effect; benevolent - showing kindness or goodwill
bi/n two, twice, once in every two Latin biannual - happening twice a year; binoculars - optical device with two lenses; bilateral - of or involving two sides
bibli/o book Greek bibliography - a list of books used as sources; bibliomania - an extreme love of books; bibliophile - a person who loves books
bio life, living matter Greek biography- a life story written by another person; biology - the science of life; biosphere - Earth's surface inhabited by living things
blast/o cell, primitive, immature cell Greek blastula - an early stage of embryonic development; fibroblast - a cell that forms connective tissue; blastoderm - the layer surrounding the inside of an egg
burs pouch, purse Latin bursar- an administrative officer in charge of funds; bursary- the treasury of a college or monastery; disburse- to expend especially from a public fund
calc stone Latin calcite; calcium- the flame of acetylene gas generated by reaction of calcium carbide with water; calcification- impregnation with calcareous matter
cand glowing, iridescent Latin candid- free from bias, prejudice, or malice; candle- something that gives light; incandescent- white, glowing, or luminous with intense heat
capt, cept, ceive take, hold Latin intercept - to stop or interrupt;

perceive - to take notice of something; captivating - taking hold of

cardi/o heart Greek cardiac - relating to the heart; cardiogenic - resulting from heart disease; cardiologist - a heart doctor
carn/i flesh, meat Latin carnivorous - flesh-eating; carnal - pertaining to the body or flesh; incarnate - given bodily form
cata down, against
completely, intensive,
according to
Greek cataclysm - a flood or other disaster, catalog - a complete listing; catastrophe - turning for the worst, a substantial disaster
to burn Latin

cauterize - to burn with a hot instrument; caustic - capable of burning or eating away; holocaust - total devastation, especially by fire

go, yield Latin

exceed - to go beyond the limits; recede - to go back; accessible - easily entered, approached, or obtained;

celer fast Latin accelerate - to increase the speed of; decelerate - to reduce the speed of
cent/i hundred, hundredth Latin centennial- the 100th anniversary; centimeter - 1/100 of a meter; century - 100 years
centr/o/i center Greek egocentric - self-centered; eccentric - not having a common center, not according to norm; centrifugal - moving outward from a center
cephal/o head Greek encephalitis - inflammation of the brain; cephalic - pertaining to the head; cephalopod - marine mollusks like octopus and squid who have tentacles growing from their head
cerebr/o brain Latin cerebral - pertaining to the brain; cerebrate - to use the brain; cerebrospinal - pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
cert sure Latin ascertain- to find out something with certainty; certain - being absolutely sure; certify - to state that something is true
chrom/o chromat/o, chros color, pigment Greek achromatic - without color; chromium - a blue-white metallic chemical element, chromatics - the study of color
chron/o time Greek chronic - lasting for a long time; chronological - arranging events in time order, synchronize - happening at the same time
chrys/o gold, yellow Greek chrysanthemum and helichrysum - golden/yellow flowers; chrysolite - a yellowish gem
cide, cise cut, kill Latin homicide - murder; incisor - a sharp tooth for cutting food; insecticide - a chemical used to kill insects
around, about Latin circumnavigate - to sail around; circumscribe - to draw around; circumspect - looking around
claim, clam shout, speak out Latin clamor - to shout and make noise; exclaim - to cry out loudly and suddenly; proclamation - something announced officially in public
clar clear Latin clarification - an explanation; clarify - to make something clear; declare - to state something clearly
clud, clus close Latin conclusion - the end or last part; exclusion - shutting out, rejecting; seclude - to keep away from; to isolate
cline lean Latin inclination - a leaning toward; incline - a surface that slopes or leans; recline - to lean back and relax
co with, together, joint Latin coauthor - writer who collaborates with another author; coeducation - educating males and females together; cohousing - planning your neighborhood in an intentional neighborly fashion
col together, jointly Latin Collaborate - to work together; collision - smashing together; colloquial - words formed by everday interaction
com together, common Latin commemorate - to memorize together; composition - an arrangement or putting together of parts; commune - living together while owning things in common
cogn/i know Latin cognition - process of acquiring knowledge; incognito - disguised so no one knows you; recognize - to discover that one knows
con with, jointly Latin concur - to agree with someone; contemporary - of the same time period as others; convention - a gathering of people with a common interest
contra/o against, opposite Latin contradict to argue against, Contraflow, contraception, contrary not in agreement, controversy disagreement
corp/o body Latin corporation - a company recognized by law as a single body; corpse - a dead body; corporal - pertaining to the body
cosm/o universe Greek cosmonaut - a Russian astronaut; cosmos - the universe; microcosm - a miniature universe
counter opposite, contrary, opposing counteract - to oppose the effects of an action; countermand - to cancel a previous order; counteroffensive - attack against an attack
cranio skull Greek craniology - the study of skull characteristics; cranium - skull of vertebrates; cranial - pertaining to the skull
cred believe Latin credence - belief that something is true or valid; credulous - believing things too easily, gullible; incredible - unbelievable
cruc cross Latin crucial-characteristic of or having the form of a cross ; crucifix- the cross itself as a Christian emblem; excruciating- so intense as to cause great pain or anguish
crypto hidden, secret Greek cryptic - of hidden meaning; cryptography - science of secret codes; encrypt - encode into secret code
cumul mass, heap Latin accumulate - to gather or pile up; cumulative - gradually building up
curr, curs run Latin concurrent- running parallel; current- flowing easily and smoothly; cursive- having a flowing, easy, impromptu character
cycl circle, ring Greek bicycle - a vehicle with two wheels; cycle - a sequence that is repeated; cyclone - a storm with circling winds
de reduce, away, down, remove Latin decelerate - to slow down, reduce speed; dethrone - to remove from power; debug - to remove bugs
ten Greek decade - 10 years; decathlon - athletic contest that includes 10 disciplines in which each participant competes; December - formerly the 10th month of the Roman calendar
deci one tenth Latin deciliter - a tenth of a liter; decimate - reduce dramatically; decibel - one tenth of the sound volume unit bel
dem/o people Greek democracy - government of the people; demographic - the study of people; epidemic - spreading among people in a region
demi half, less than Latin demitasse - a small cup of coffee; demimonde - someone of little respected life style
dendr/o/i tree Greek philodendron - a climbing plant that grows on trees; dendrochronology - dating events by studying growth rings in trees; dendriform - in the shape of a tree
dent, dont tooth Latin dental - relating to teeth; dentist - a doctor for the teeth; dentures - a set of false teeth
derm/a skin Greek dermatologist - a doctor for the skin; pachyderm - a class of animals with very thick skin (elephant, rhinoceros); dermatitis - inflammation of the skin
di/plo two, twice Greek dichromatic - displaying two colors; diploma - a certificate, literally "a letter folded double"; dilemma - a situation that requires a choice between two alternatives.
di/s apart, away,
not, to the opposite
Latin digression - a departure from the main issue, subject; disappear - to move out of sight; dissect - to cut apart piece by piece.
dia through, between,
apart, across
Greek diabetes - disease characterized by excessive thirst and discharge of urine; diagnosis - understanding a condition by going through a detailed review of symptoms; dialog - conversation between two people.
dict speak Latin contradict - to express the opposite of; prediction - a statement foretelling the future; dictate - to speak out loud for another person to write down.
domin master Latin dominate - to be the master of; domineering - excessively controlling; predominate - to have more power than others
don/at give Latin donation - a contribution or gift; donor - someone who gives something; pardon - to give forgiveness for an offense
duc/t lead Latin conduct - to lead musicians in playing music; educate - to lead to knowledge; deduction - a subtraction of an amount.
du/o two, twice Latin duplicate - make an identical copy; duet - a musical composition for two voices or instruments; duo - a pair normally thought of as being together.
dur harden, to last, lasting Latin durable - having the quality of lasting; duration - the length of time something lasts; enduring - able to last.
dyn/a/am power, energy, strength Greek dynamo - a generator of energy; dynamic - having physical energy/power; dynamite - a powerful explosive.
dys abnormal, bad Greek dyspepsia - abnormal digestion; dystopia - an imaginary place of total misery; dyslexia - impairment of the ability to handle words.
e- out, away Latin eloquent - speaking beautifully and forcefully; emissary - a representative of a country or group sent on a mission; eject - throw out forcefully.
ego self Latin
egoistic - self-centered; alter ego - a higher aspect of oneself; egomania - excessive preoccupation with oneself.
em, en into, cover with, cause empathy - intention to feel like another person; empower - put into power; engorge - make larger.
endo within, inside Greek endotherm - a creature that can keep its inside temperature fairly constant; endocrine - relating to glands that secrete directly into the blood or lymph; endogamy - the custom to marry within one's clan, tribe etc.
enn/i, anni years Latin bicentennial - of or relating to an age or period of 200 years; centennial - of or relating to an age or period of 100 years; perennial -lasting through many years.
en, in inside, inwards Latin envision - to picture in the mind; enclose - lock inside; inwards - towards the inside.
ep/i on, upon, over,
among, at, after,
to, outside
Greek epidemic - the rapid spread of something negative; epilogue - a short speech delivered after a play; epicenter - the center of an earthquake.
equ/i equal, equally Latin equidistant - an equal distance from two points; equanimity - calm temperament, evenness of temper; equation - a statement of equality.
erg/o work Greek ergonomics - study of the working environment; energy - the power to accomplish work; energetics - science that looks at energy and its transformation.
esth/aesth feeling, sensation, beauty Latin esthetician - someone who beautifies; aesthetic - pertaining to a sense of beauty; kinesthesia - the sensation of bodily movement.
ethno race, people Greek ethnic - pertaining to a defined group of people; ethnocentric - focusing on the ethnicity of people; ethnology - the science of people and races.
eu good, well Greek euphemism - replacing an offensive word with an inoffensive one; euphonious - having a pleasant sound; euphoria - feeling of well-being.
ex from, out, Latin excavate - to dig out; exhale - to breathe out; extract - to pull out.
extra, extro outside, beyond Latin extraordinary - beyond ordinary; extraterrestrial - outside the Earth; extrovert - an outgoing person.
fac/t make, do Latin artifact - an object made by a person; factory - a place where things are made; malefact - a person who does wrong.
fer bear, bring, carry Latin confer - to bring an honor to someone; ferry - a boat that carries passengers; transfer - to move to another place.
fid faith Latin confide - place trust in someone, fidelity - faithfulness; fiduciary - a trustee;
flect bend Latin deflect - to bend course because of hitting something; inflection - a bending in the voice's tone or pitch; flexible - easily bending.
flower Latin florist - someone working with flowers; floral - flowerlike; flora - the plant life of a particular time or area
for completely (used to intensify
the meaning of a word)
forsaken or forfeited - completely lost; forgiven - completely given (a release of debt).
fore in front of, previous, earlier forebear - ancestor; forebode - to give an advance warning of something bad; forecast - a preview of events to be.
form shape Latin conformity- correspondence in form, manner, or character; formation- something that is formed; reformatory- intended for reformation
fract, frag break Latin fracture - a break; fragile - easy to break; fragment or fraction - a part or element of a larger whole;
fug flee, run away, escape Latin fugitive - a person who is running away; refuge - a sheltered place to flee to; refugee - a person seeking protection
funct perform, work Latin defunct - no longer working or alive; function - to work or perform a role normally; malfunction - to fail to work correctly.
fus pour Latin confusion - being flooded with too much information that is hard to make sense of; fuse - to melt by heating; infuse - to put into.
gastr/o stomach Greek gastric - pertaining to the stomach; gastronomy - serving the stomach by providing good food; gastritis - inflammation of the stomach.
birth, production,
formation, kind
Greek genealogy - the study of the history of a family; generation - all the people born at approximately the same time; genetic -relating to heredity encoded in the genes.
geo earth, soil, global Greek geography - study of the earth's surface; geology - study of the structure of the earth; geoponics - soil based agriculture.
ger old age Greek geriatrics - medicine pertaining to the elderly; gerontocracy - the rule of the elders; gerontology - the science of aging.
giga a billion Greek gigabyte - unit of computer storage space; gigahertz - unit of frequency (one billion Hz/sec); gigawatt unit of electric power (one billion watts).
gon angle Latin
decagon - a polygon with 10 angles; diagonal - a slanting line running across a space; octagon - a geometrical figure with 8 angles.
gram letter, written Greek diagram - a simple drawing; grammar - rules of how to write words in sentences; telegram - a message sent by telegraph.
gran grain Latin granary- a storehouse or repository for grain especially after it is threshed or husked; granola- a mixture of rolled oats and other ingredients; granule- a little grain (as of sugar)
graph/y writing, recording, written Greek Graphology - the study of handwritings; autograph - written with one's own hand; seismograph - a machine noting strength and duration of earthquakes.
grat pleasing Latin gratify - to please someone; grateful - feeling thankful; gratuity - a tip, token of appreciation.
gyn/o/e woman, female Greek gynecology - the science of female reproductive health; gynephobia - fear of women; gynecoid - resembling a woman.
gress, grad/e/i to step, to go Latin digression - a departure from the main issue, subject, etc.; progress - movement forward or onward; gradual - step by step.
hect/o, hecat hundred Greek hectoliter - 100 liters; hectare - metric unit equaling 100 ares or 10,000 square meters; hectometer - 100 meters.
helic/o spiral, circular Greek helicopter - an aircraft with horizontal rotating wing; helix - a spiral form; helicon - a circular tuba.
heli/o sun Greek heliotropism - movement or growth in relating to the sun; heliograph - apparatus used to send message with the help of sunlight; helianthus - genus of plants including sunflowers.
hemi half, partial Greek hemicycle - a semicircular structure; hemisphere - one half of the earth; hemistich - half a line of poetry.
hem/o/a blood Latin
hemorrhage - clotting of the blood; hemorrhoids - swelling of the blood vessels; hemoglobin - red blood particle.
hepa liver Latin hepatitis - inflammation of the liver; hepatoma - a tumor of the liver; hepatotoxic - toxic and damaging to the liver.
hept/a seven Greek heptagon - a shape with seven angles and seven sides; Heptateuch - the first seven books of the Old Testament; heptameter - a line of verse consisting of seven metrical feet.
herbi grass, plant Latin herbicide - any chemical used to kill unwanted plants, etc.; herbivorous - plant-eating; herbal - relating to plants.
hetero different, other Greek heterogeneous - made up of unrelated parts; heteronyms - words with same spelling but different meanings; heterodox - not conforming to traditional beliefs.
hex/a six Greek hexagon - a shape with six angles/sides; hexameter - a verse measured in six; hexapod - having six legs.
histo tissue Greek histology - study of the microscopic structure of tissues; histochemistry - study of the chemical constitution of cells and tissues.
like, alike, same Latin
homogeneous - of the same nature or kind; homonym - sounding alike; homeopath - a therapy that is based on treating "same with same"
hydr/o liquid, water Greek hydrate - to add water to; hydrophobia - intense fear of water; hydroponics - growing plants in liquid nutrient solution; hydraulic - operated by force created by a liquid.
hygr/o moisture, humidity Greek hygrometer - tool used to measure humidity; hygrograph - instrument for recording variations in atmospheric humidity.
hyper too much, over,
excessive, beyond
hyperactive - very restless; hypercritical - too critical; hypertension - above normal pressure.
hyp/o under Greek hypoglycemia - an abnormally low level of sugar in the blood; hypothermia - abnormally low body temperature; hypothesis - a theory that is unproven but used under the assumption that it is true.
iatr/o medical care Greek geriatrics - medical care of the elderly; pediatrician - a doctor who treats children; podiatry - medical care for feet.
icon/o image Latin
icon - an (often religious) image, in modern usage a simplified graphic of high symbolic content; iconology - science of symbols and icons; iconoclast - someone who destroys religious images and traditional beliefs.
idio peculiar, personal, distinct Greek idiomatic - Peculiar to a particular language; idiosyncracy - a physical or mental characteristic typical or a particular person; idiot - someone who is distinctly foolish or stupid.
il, in in, into Latin illuminate - to give light to; innovation - a new idea, method, or device; inspection - the act of examining or reviewing.
ig, il, im,
in, ir
not, without Latin illegal - not legal; impossible - not possible; inappropriate - not appropriate; irresponsible - not responsible.
imag likeness Latin image - a likeness of someone; imaginative - able to think up new ideas or images; imagine - to form a picture or likeness in the mind.
infra beneath, below Latin infrastructure - underlying framework of a system; infrared - below the regular light spectrum.
inter between, among, jointly Latin international - involving two or more countries; intersection - place where roads come together; intercept - to stop or interrupt the course of.
within, inside Latin intrastate - existing in one state; intravenous - inside or into a vein; introvert - shy person who keeps within him/herself.
ir not Latin irredeemable - not redeemable; irreformable - not reformable; irrational - not rational.
iso equal isobar - a line on a map connecting points of equal barometric pressure; isometric - having equality of measure; isothermal - having equal or constant temperature.
ject throw Latin eject - to throw someone/something out; interject - to throw a remark into a discussion; project - to cast or throw something.
jud law Latin judgment - a decision of a court of law; judicial - having to do with judges or courts of law; judiciary - a system of courts of law.
junct join Latin conjunction - a word that joins parts of sentences; disjunction - a disconnection; junction - a place where two things join.
juven young Latin juvenile - youthful or childish; rejuvenate - to bring back to youthful strength or appearance.
kilo thousand Greek kilobyte - 1,000 bytes; kilometer - 1,000 meter; kilograms - 1,000 grams.
motion, division Greek kinetics - study of the force of motion; psychokinesis or telekinesis - the ability to move objects with your mind; cinematography - motion picture making.
lab work Latin collaborate - to work with a person; elaborate - to work out the details; laborious - requiring a lot of hard work.
lact/o milk Latin lactate - to give milk, nurse; lactose - the sugar contained in milk; lactic acid.
later side Latin bilateral - of or involving two sides; unilateral - affecting one side of something.
white, colorless Greek leukemia - abnormal increase of white blood cells in the blood; leukocyte - a mature white blood cell; leucine - a white, crystalline amino acid.
lex word, law, reading Greek lexicology - the study and history of words; alexia -loss of the ability to read; illegal - not authorized by the official rules or laws.
liber free Latin liberate - to set free; libertine - a person with a free, wild lifestyle; liberty - freedom.
lingu language, tongue Latin linguist - one who studies languages; multilingual - able to communicate in multiple languages; linguine - long, flat "tongue-shaped" pasta.
lip/o fat Greek liposuction - the mechanical removal of fat reserves in the tissue; lipase - enzyme that breaks down fat; lipoid - resembling fat.
lite, ite,
mineral, rock, fossil Greek apatite - a group of common minerals; granite - a hard, granular rock; monolith - a remarkable, unique stone.
loc place Latin dislocate - to put something out of its usual place; location - a place; relocate - to move to a new place.
log/o word, doctrine, discourse Greek logic - correct reasoning; monologue - a long speech by one speaker;analogy - similarity, especially between things otherwise dissimilar.
loqu, locu speak Latin eloquent - speaking beautifully and forcefully ; loquacious - very talkative; elocution - art of public speaking.
luc light Latin elucidate - to explain, to throw light on; lucid - easily understood, giving off light; translucent - allowing light through.
lud, lus to play Latin prelude - introduction to the major performance; illusion - misleading optical image or impression; delude - to mislead, deceive.
lumin light Latin illuminate - to fill with light; lumen - unit measuring light.
lun/a/i moon Latin lunar - relating to the moon; lunarscape - the surface of the moon; lunatic - insane (as if driven mad by the moon).
macro large, great Greek macroevolution - large scale evolution; macromolecule - a large molecule; macroeconomics - study of the overall forces of economy.
magn/a/i great, large Latin magnify - make larger; magnificent - grand; magnate - a powerful person, especially in business or industry.
mal/e bad, ill, wrong Latin malcontent - wrong content; malaria - "bad air", infectious disease thought to originate from the "bad air" of the swamps, but caused by the bite of an infected mosquito; malicious - showing strong ill will.
man/i/u hand Latin maneuver - to move by hand; manual - done with the hands; manuscript - a book written by hand.
mand to order Latin command - an order or instruction; demand - a hard-to-ignore order; mandate - an official order.
mania madness, insanity,
excessive desire
Greek bibliomania - a crazy love of books; egomania - a mad love of oneself; maniac an insane person.
mar/i sea Latin

marina - a harbor for pleasure boats; maritime - relating to the sea; submarine - an undersea boat; aquamarine - color of sea water.

mother Latin maternal - relating to motherhood; maternity - the state of being a mother; matriarch - a woman head of a household.
max greatest Latin maximal - the best or greatest possible; maximize - to make as great as possible; maximum - the greatest amount.
medi middle Latin medieval - pertaining to the Middle Ages; medium - in the middle; mediocre - only of medium (inferior) quality.
mega great, large, million Greek megalopolis - an area with many nearby cities; megaphone - a device that projects a loud voice; megastructure - huge building or other structure.
melan/o black Greek melancholy - a state of dark emotions; melanoma - malignant dark tumor of the skin; melodrama - a dark, pathetic drama.
memor/i remember Latin commemorate - to honor the memory of, as by a ceremony; memorial - related to remembering a person or event; memory: an ability to retain knowledge or an individual's stock of retained knowledge.
dip, dive Latin immerge or immerse - to put or dip something into a liquid; submerge to dip something completely into wate.r
meso middle Latin
Mesoamerica - Middle America; meson - elementary particle with a mass between an electron and a proton.
meta change, after, beyond, between Greek metaphysics - study of nature and reality; metamorphosis - a complete change of form; metastasis - the transmission of disease to other parts of the body.
measure Greek audiometer- an instrument that measures hearing acuteness; chronometer- an instrument that measures time; metric - measured.
micro very small, short, minute Greek microbe - a very small living thing; microchip - a tiny wafer with an integrated circuit; microscope - a device to see very small things.
mid middle Latin
midriff - the area between the chest and the waist; midterm - middle of a term in school; midway - halfway between.
migr move Latin immigrant - a person who moves to a new country to settle; migrant - person who moves from place to place; migration - the process of moving.
milli onethousandth Latin millimeter - one thousandth of a meter; millibar - one thousandth of a bar; milliliter - one thousandth of a liter.
min/i small, less Latin mini - something that is very small; minuscule - extremely tiny; minutiae - very small or trivial details.
mis/o bad, badly, wrong, wrongly,
to hate
Greek misbehave - to behave badly; misprint - an error in printing; misnomer - an error in naming a person or thing.
miss, mit send, let go Latin dismiss - to send someone away; missile - a weapon sent into the air; emit - to send something out; admittance - entry.
mob move Latin immobilize - to stop from moving; mobile - able to move freely; mobility - the quality of being able to move.
mon/o one, single, alone Greek monochromat - having one color; monologue - a speech spoken by one person; monotheism - belief in one god.
mot, mov move Latin motion - the act of moving; motivate - to move someone to action; promote to move someone forward; removable - able to be taken or carried away.
morph/o form Greek metamorphosis - complete change of form; endorphins - chemical in the brain able to transform pain; amorphous - without distinct shape or form.
mort death Latin immortal - living forever, unable to die; mortal - certain to die; mortician - an undertaker.
multi many, more than one or two Latin multicolored - having many colors; multimedia - using a range of media; multitasking - doing many things at once.
mut change Latin immutable - not changing; mutant - an organism that has undergone change; mutate - to undergo a change.
my/o muscle Latin myocardium - the middle muscle of the heart; myasthenia - muscle fatigue or weakness; myosin - common protein in muscle tissue.
narr tell Latin narrate - to tell a story; narrative - a story; narrator - a person who tells a story.
nat born Latin innate - included since birth; natal - relating to birth; natural - gotten at birth, not afterward.
nav ship Latin circumnavigate - to sail around a place; naval - relating to a navy or warships; navigate - to sail a ship through a place.
necr/o dead, death Greek necrophil - loving death; necrosis - the death of tissue due to disease or injury; necrology - a list of persons who have recently died.
neg no Latin negate - to say it didn't happen; negative - meaning "no"; renege - to go back on a promise.
neo new, recent neoclassic - a revival of classic form, neocolonialism - the indirect ("new") economical and political control of a region by a more powerful foreign power; neonatal - a newborn child, especially the first few weeks.
nephr/o kidney Greek nephritis - inflammation of the kidneys; nephrotomy - surgical incision of a kidney; nephron - a single, excretory unit in the kidney.
neur/o nerve Greek neuralgia - pain along a nerve; neurologist - doctor specializing in the nerves; neurotic - mental disorder that usually does not include an impaired perception of reality.
nom/in name Latin misnomer - an error in naming a person or thing; nominal - being something in name only but not in reality; nominate - to name for election or appointment, to designate.
non no, not, without Latin nondescript - with no special characteristics; nonfiction - true, real, not made-up; nonsense - without sense.
not mark Latin notable - marked as worthy of attention; notarize - to certify a signature on a legal document; annotate - to add remarks.
declare Latin announce - to declare in public; denounce - to proclaim harsh criticism; enunciate - to speak or declare something clearly.
nov new Latin innovate - to introduce a new way; novelty - something new; novice - a person who is new at a job; renovate - to make something like new again.
numer number Latin enumerate - to name a number of items on a list; numerology - the study of magical uses of numbers; numerous - a large number.
ob, op in the way, against Latin object - to be against something; obscure - hard to understand; opposition - the act of resistance or action against.
oct/a/o eight Greek octagon - a figure with 8 sides and 8 angles; octogenarian - person in his or her 80s; octopus - sea animal with 8 arms.
ocu eye Latin binoculars - lens device for seeing distances; monocula - relating to one eye; oculist - an eye doctor.
od path, way Greek diode - an electron tube having two electrodes, a cathode and an anode; odometer - an instrument attached to a vehicle to measure the distance traversed; triode - an electron tube with an anode, a cathode, and a control grid
odor smell, scent Latin deodorant - a substance that helps prevent body odor; malodorous - having a terribly bad smell; odoriferous- something that bears or diffuses a scent
omni all Latin omnipotent - with all the power; omniscient - knowing all things; omnivorous eating all foods.
op/t/s eye, visual condition, sight Greek optic - relating to the eyes; optician - a person who fits eyeglasses; autopsy - the examination of a dead body.
opt best Latin optimal - the best, the most desirable; optimize - to make the best of; optimum - the best something could be.
ortho straight Greek orthodontist - a dentist that straightens teeth; orthopedic - a doctor concerned with the proper alignment of the bones; orthography - the correct way of writing.
osteo bone Greek osteoarthritis - inflammation caused by degeneration of the joints; osteopathy - therapy that uses among others manipulation of the skeleton to restore health; osteology - the study of bones.
out goes beyond,
surpasses, exceeds
Outgoing - being of lively, sharing nature; outdoing - doing better than; outdoor - outside.
over excessive English overconfident - more confident than is appropriate; overstock - more supplies than is desirable; overexcited - ,more excited than one should be.
oxi/oxy sharp Greek oxymoron - combining two ideas that sharply contradict each other; oxidize - corrode a surface.
pale/o ancient Greek paleontology - study of ancient fossils; paleography - the study of ancient forms of writing; Paleolithic - period of the Stone Age.
pan all, any, everyone Greek panacea - a cure for all diseases or problems; panorama - an all-around view; pantheism - the worship of all gods; pandemic - affecting all.
para beside, beyond, abnormal,
Greek parasite - an organism that lives on and off another living being; parallel - alongside and always an equal distance apart; paragraph - a portion of a writtenn document that presents a distinct idea.
para protection from parachute - protection from falling; parasol - an umbrella used to protect from the sun;
father Latin
paternal - relating to fathers; paternity - fatherhood; patriarch - a man who rules a group.
path feeling, emotion antipathy - a feeling of great dislike; apathy - a lack of feeling or interest; empathy - ability to understand another's feelings.
ped/i/e foot, feet Latin pedal - a lever pushed by the foot; pedestrian - one who walks; pedicure - cosmetic treatment of feet and toes.
pel drive, force Latin compel - to force someone to act; expel - to drive someone out of a place; repel - to force back.
pent/a five Greek pentagon - shape having 5 angles and 5 sides, pentagram - a five-pointed star formerly used as a symbolic figure in magic; pentathlon - an athletic contest that includes five events.
digestion Greek dyspepsia - abnormal digestion; peptic - aiding digestion; pepsin - a digestive enzyme.
per through, throughout Latin permanent - lasting throughout all time; permeate - to spread throughout; persist - to continue for a long time; perennial - lasting through many years.
peri around, enclosing Greek periodontal - pertaining to bone and tissue around a tooth; peripheral - lying outside of the center; perimeter - the outer boundary of an area.
phag/e to eat Greek esophagus - muscular tube that carries food to the stomach; anthropophagy or sarcophagy - cannibalism; xylophagous - feeding on wood.
phil/o love, friend Greek philanthropist - one who loves humanity; philology - the love of words; philosophy - the love of wisdom; bibliophil - loving books.
sound Greek cacophony - loud, unpleasant sounds; microphone - a device that records and amplifies sound; phonetic - relating to human speech sounds.
phot/o light Greek photogenic - caused by light; photograph - image made on light-sensitive film; photon - the smallest possible unit of light.
phyll/o leaf Greek chlorophyll - a group of green pigments found in leaves; phyllotaxis - the arrangement of leaves on a stem; phyllite - a rock that forms sheets, similar to slate.
phys nature, medicine, the body Greek physical - relating to the body; physician - a doctor; physique - nature and shape of one's body.
phyt/o/e plant, to grow Greek epiphyte - a plant growing independently on the surface of another; hydrophyte - a plant that grows only in water; neophyte - a beginner, especially a person recently converted to a new belief.
plas/t/m to form, development,
forming cells
Greek protoplasm - something that is the first made or formed, also the living portion of a cell; plastic - able to be formed, especially when warm; plaster - a mixture of lime, sand and water that forms a smooth solid covering for walls.
plaud, plod, plaus, plos approve, clap Latin applaud- to show approval of especially by clapping the hands; explosion- an act of exposing something as invalid or baseless; plausible- worthy of being applauded
pneum/o breathing, lung, air, spirit Greek pneumonia - inflammation of the lungs; pneumatic - using the force of air; dyspnea - difficulty breathing.
pod/e foot Greek podiatrist - a doctor for the feet; podium - a small platform to stand on; tripod - a stand or frame with 3 legs.
poli city Greek metropolis - a large city; police - people who work for the government to maintain order in a city; politics - actions of a government or political party.
poly many, more than one Greek polychrome - with many colors; polyglot - a person fluent in many languages; polygon - shape with 3 or more straight sides.
pon place, put Latin opponent - a person who places him/herself against an action, idea, etc.; postpone - to put off doing something.
pop people Latin popular - appealing to a lot of people; population - all of the people who live in a particular area; populist - a supporter of the rights of people.
port carry Latin export - to carry goods out of a place to another; portable - able to be carried; porter - a person who carries luggage.
pos place, put Latin deposit - to place or drop something; expose to place out into the open for all to see; position - the place where someone is.
post after, behind Latin posthumous - after someone's death; postpone - to delay something; postscript - an addition to an already completed document.
pre earlier, before, in front of Latin preamble - a part in front of a formal document; prepare - to get ready in advance; prediction - a statement foretelling the future.
pro before, in front of,
for, forward
prognosis - a prediction of what will happen; prologue - a passage before the main part; prophet - a person who foretells the future.
prot/o primitive, first, chief Greek prototype - the first of a kind; proton - on of the very basic parts of an atom; protocol - a first draft from which a document is prepared.
pseud/o wrong,false Greek pseudonym - a fictitious name; pseudoscience - theories presumed without proof of a scientific nature; pseudopregnancy - a false pregnancy.
psych/o mind, mental Greek psyche - the human spirit or soul; psychic - relating to the human mind or someone who has supernatural mental abilities; psychology - the study of the mind.
to fight Latin pugnacious - having a quarrelsome or aggressive nature; repugnant - distasteful, offensive or revolting; pungent - piercing.
pul urge compulsion - a very strong urge; expulsion - to someone out; impulsive - having a spontaneous urge to do something.
purg clean Latin purge - remove anything undesirable; purgatory - according to Roman Catholics a place where souls must clean themselves of sin; expurgate - remove objectionable passages from a publication.
put think Latin computer - an electronic thinking device; dispute - to disagree with what another person thinks; input - contribution of one's thinking.
pyr/o fire, heat Greek pyrotechnics - the art of making fireworks; pyrometer - a thermometer for measuring high temperature; pyretic - relating to or producing fever.
quad/r/ri four Latin quadrant - open space with buildings on 4 sides; quadrennium - period of 4 years; quadruped - a 4-footed animal.
quart fourth Latin quarter - one fourth; quart - a fourth of a gallon; quartet - a musical composition or group involving 4 voices or instruments.
quin/t five, fifth Latin quintett - a composition for 5 voices or instruments; quintessence - pure essence, based on the ancient philosophy that there was a fifth element that was present in all things; quintuple - fivefold.
root Latin eradicate - pull out at the roots; radical - fundamental, looking at things from a drastic point of view; radish - an edible root of the mustard family.
radio radiation, ray radioactive - emitting radiation; radiologist - someone diagnosing or treating via radiation.
ram/i branch Latin ramification - the resulting consequence of a decision; ramify - to spread or branch out; ramus - a branchlike part.
re again, back, backward Latin rebound -to spring back again; rewind - to wind something backward; reaction: a response; recognize: to identify someone or something seen before.
reg guide, rule Latin regent - a person who rules on behalf of a king or queen; regime - a government that rules; regulate - to apply a rule.
retro backward, back Latin retroactive - relating to something in the past; retrogress - to go back to an earlier condition; retrospect - the remembering of past events.
rhin/o nose Greek rhinoceros - a species of animals with a big horn on the snout; rhinoplasty - surgery of the nose; rhinovirus - viruses that are causing the common cold.
rhod/o red Greek rhododendron - a flower with red/pink flowers; rhodium - an element which produces a red solution; rhodopsin - a purple pigment in the retina that is needed for vision.
rid laugh Latin deride - to make fun of someone; ridicule - to make fun or mock; ridiculous - silly, causing laughter.
flow, discharge Latin
diarrhea - abnormally excessive bowl movement; hemorrhage - heavy blood flow; catarrh - inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially the nose and throat.
rub red Latin ruby - deep red color and a precious stone of the same color; rubella - measles; bilirubin - reddish pigment in bile.
rupt break, burst Latin bankrupt - unable to pay because you're "broke"; interrupt - to break into a conversation or event, to disturb; rupture - a break in something.
san health Latin sane - mentally healthy; sanitary - relating to cleanliness and health; sanitation - maintenance of public health and cleanliness.
scend climb, go Latin ascend - to climb upward; crescendo - a climbing up of the volume of music; descend - to go or climb down.
sci know Latin conscience - sense of knowing right from wrong; conscious - knowing what is happening; omniscient - knowing everything.
scler/o hard Greek arteriosclerosis - hardening of the arterial walls; multiple sclerosis - disease which causes the tissue of the brain and spinal cord to harden; sclerometer - instrument for measuring hardness.
scop/e/y see, examine, observe Greek microscope - a device used to see tiny things; periscope - a seeing instrument on a submarine; telescope - a device used to see over a distance.
write, written Latin inscribe - to write letters or words on a surface; scribe - a person who writes out documents; describe - to represent with words or pictures.
se apart Latin secede - to formally break away from; seclude - to keep away from; serum - a liquid isolated out of another.
sect cut Latin dissect - to cut apart piece by piece; intersection - the place or point where two things cross each other; bisect - to cut into two equal parts.
sed, sid, sess sit Latin reside- be stationed; sediment- the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; session- an actual or constructive sitting of a body
self of, for, or by itself self-discipline - the ability to discipline yourself; self-respect - respect for yourself; selfish concerned only with your own interests.
semi half, partial Latin semiannual - every half year; semicircle - half a circle; semiconscious - partly conscious; semiannual - every half of a year.
sept/i seven Latin September - this used to be the seventh month in the Roman calendar; septet - a group of seven musicians; septuagenarian - a person in his/her seventies.
serv save, keep Latin conserve - to save or keep something safe; preserve - to save something; reservation - a place kept for a person.
sex six Latin sextet or sextette - a composition or group of six, sextuple - sixfold; sexagenarian - person in his/her sixties.
sol alone Latin desolate - lonely, dismal, gloomy; solitary - done alone, by yourself; solo - a performance done by one person alone.
sol sun Latin solar - involving the sun; parasol - umbrella protecting from the sun; solarium - a room where one is exposed to sun light.
somn/I sleep Latin insomnia - inability to fall asleep; somniloquy - talking in your sleep; somnolent - feeling sleepy.
son sound Latin consonant - a speech sound; sonorous - producing loud, full, rich sounds; supersonic - faster than sound; unison - as one voice.
soph wise Greek philosopher - a wise person; sophisticated - wise about the ways of the world; sophism - a clever but misleading argument.
see, look Latin circumspect - cautious, looking all around; retrospective - a looking back at past things; spectator - a person who sees an event.
sphere ball Greek biosphere - the whole round surface of the earth; hemisphere - half the earth spherically shaped like a ball.
spir breathe Latin inspire - to stimulate or animate; transpire - to give of vapor with waste product through the skin or a membrane; spirit - invisible life force.
sta stand Latin stable - standing steady and firm; stagnant - standing still, not moving; stationary - at a standstill, fixed.
stell star Latin constellation - a group of stars that forms a pattern; interstellar - between the stars; stellar - relating to stars.
struct build Latin construct - to build; destruction - the act of destroying something that was built; structure - something built; infrastructure - underlying framework of a system.
sub under, lower than,
inferior to
Latin submarine - an underwater boat; submerge - to put underwater; substandard - inferior to accepted standards.
sum highest Latin sum - the combined total of everything; summation - the total, highest amount; summit the highest point or top.
super higher in quality
or quantity
Latin Super bowl - the final annual football game; superior - above average, better in quality; supersonic - faster than the speed of sound.
together, with, same Greek symmetry -similarity in size, form or arrangement; synergy - the combined effect; synchronize - to cause to occur at the same time.
tact, tang touch Latin contact - a state in which two things touch; tactile - relating to the sense of touch; tangible - able to be touched; intact - with nothing missing.
tax/o arrangement Greek syntax - the systematic arrangement of words; taxonomy - the science of classification; ataxia - loss of the ability to coordinate muscle action.
techno technique, skill Greek technology - the practical application of knowledge; technocracy - rule of technology; technologically - characterized by technology.
tel/e/o far, distant, complete Greek telephone - a device to talk to a distant person; telescope - a device to view distant objects; television - a device to receive pictures from afar; telecommuting - working remotely, bridging the distance via virtual devices.
temp/or time Latin contemporary- existing at the same time; temporal - relating to time; temporary - lasting for a limited time.
ten, tin, tent hold Latin continent- serving to restrain or limit; detention- the act or fact of detaining, tenacious- having parts or elements strongly adhering to each other
ter, trit rub Latin attrition- the act of rubbing together or wearing down; detritus- a product of disintegration or wearing away; trite- used or occurring so often as to have lost interest, freshness, or force
term/ina end, limit Latin determine - to find something out at the end of an investigation; terminate - to end; exterminate - to destroy or get rid of completely.
terr/a/i land, earth Latin extraterrestrial - existing outside the earth; terrain - ground or land; territory - an area of land.
tetra four Latin tetrapod - having 4 legs; tetrarchy - government by 4 rulers; tetrose - a monosaccharide with four carbon atoms.
the put Greek bibliotheca- a list or catalog of books; theme- a proposition for discussion or argument; thesis- a dissertation embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view
the/o god Greek monotheism - belief in one god; polytheism - worshiping more than one god; theology - the study of religion, god, etc.
therm/o heat Greek thermal - relating to heat; thermos - an insulated jar that keeps heat in; thermostat - a device that controls heat.
tort twist Latin contortion - a twisted shape or position; distort - to alter the shape or condition of; retort - reply in a manner that is supposed to change the effect of something previously said.
tox poison Latin detoxification - the process of removing poisons; toxic - poisonous; toxicology - the study of poisons; intoxicated - influenced by drugs.
tract pull, drag Latin attract - to pull objects nearer; distract - to drag attention away from something; tractor - a motor vehicle that pulls things.
trans across,beyond, through Latin transcontinental - across the continent; transfer - to move from one place to another; transport - to carry something across a space.
tri three, once in every three,
triangle - a figure with 3 sides and 3 angles; triathlon - an athletic contest with 3 events; tricycle - a 3-wheeI vehicle with pedals.
ultra beyond, extreme, more than Latin ultrahigh - extremely high; ultramodern - more modern than anything else; ultrasonic - sound waves beyond human hearing.
un not,opposite of, lacking Latin unabridged - not shortened; unfair - opposite of fair; unfriendly - lacking friendliness.
uni one, single Latin unicycle - a vehicle with one wheel; unilateral - decided by only one person or nation; unique - the only one of its kind; unison - as one voice.
urb city Latin suburb - residential area on the edge of a city; urban - relating to a city; urbanology - the study of city life.
vac empty Latin evacuate - to empty a dangerous place; vacant - empty, not occupied; vacation - a time without work.
ven/t come Latin circumvent - to go around or bypass restrictions; convention - a gathering or assembly of people with a common interest; intervene - to come between.
ver/I truth Latin veracious - truthful, honest; veracity - the truth; verify - to make sure that something is true.
verb word Latin verbalize - to put into words; adverb - a word relating to a verb; proverb - a short saying that expresses a well-known truth.
turn Latin reverse - to turn around; introvert - being turned towards the inside; version - a variation of an original; controversy - a conversation in which positions are turned against each other.
vice acting in place of,
next in rank
Latin vice-president - the person next in rank to the president
vid see Latin evident clearly seen
conquer Latin convince - to win someone over; invincible - not able to be conquered; victory - the conquest of an enemy.
vis, vid see Latin vision - the ability to see; envision - to picture in the mind; evident - clearly visible.
live, life Latin revival - the act of bringing back to life; vital - pertaining to live; vivacious - high-spirited and full of life.
voc/i voice, call Latin advocate - to speak in favor of; equivocate - to use misleading language that could be interpreted two different ways; vocalize - to produce with your voice.
vol/i/u wish, will Latin benevolent - showing good will and kindness; volition - the act of making a choice or decision, voluntary - resulting from your own free will.
eat Latin carnivorous - meat-eating; voracious - desiring or eating food in great quantities; devour - to eat quickly.
xanth yellow Latin xanthium- a genus of coarse and rough or spiny herbs; xanthochromia- yellowish discoloration (as of the skin or cerebrospinal fluid); xanthogenic
xen/o foreign Greek xenophobic - afraid of foreigners; xenogenesis - the creation of offspring that is completely different from either parent; xenophile - attracted to foreigners.
xer/o/I dry Greek xerophyte - a plant that grows in dry climate; xerography - a dry photocopying process; xeric - requiring small amounts of moisture.
xyl wood Greek xylocarp; xyloid- resembling wood; xylophone-an organ percussion stop of similar tone quality
zo/o animal life Greek zoology - study of animals; zooid - resembling an animal; zooplankton - minute floating aquatic animals.
zyg/o pair Greek zygote - a cell formed by the union of two gametes and the organism developing from that; zygomorphic - pertaining to organisms that can be divided into symmetrical halves along one axis only.

Suffix Meanings Sample Words and Definitions
-able able to be excitable, portable, preventable
-ac pertaining to cardiac, hemophiliac, maniac
-acity (-ocity) quality of perspicacity, sagacity, velocity
-ade act, action or process, product blockade, cavalcade, promenade,
-age action or process passage, pilgrimage, voyage
-aholic (-oholic) one with an obsession for workaholic, shopaholic, alcoholic
-al relating to bacterial, theatrical, natural
-algia pain neuralgia, nostalgia,
-an (-ian) relating to, belonging to Italian, urban, African
-ance state or quality of brilliance, defiance, annoyance
-ant a person who applicant, immigrant, servant
inclined to, tending to brilliant, defiant, vigilant
-ar of or relating to, being lunar, molecular, solar
a person who beggar, burglar, liar
-ard a person who does an action coward, sluggard, wizard
-arian a person who disciplinarian, vegetarian, librarian
-arium (orium) a place for terrarium, aquarium, solarium
-ary of or relating to literary, military, budgetary
-ate state or quality of (adj.) affectionate, desolate, obstinate
makes the word a verb (different pronunciation) activate, evaporate, medicate
-ation action or process creation, narration, emancipation
-ative tending to (adj.) creative, preservative, talkative
-cide act of killing homicide, suicide, genocide
-cracy rule, government, power bureaucracy, aristocracy, theocracy
-crat someone who has power aristocrat, bureaucrat, technocrat
-cule diminutive (making something small) molecule, ridicule,
-cy state, condition or quality efficiency, privacy, belligerency
-cycle circle, wheel bicycle, recycle, tricycle
-dom condition of, state, realm boredom, freedom, wisdom
-dox belief, praise orthodox, paradox
-ectomy surgical removal of appendectomy, hysterectomy
-ed past tense called, hammered, laughed
-ee receiver, performer nominee, employee, devotee
-eer associated with/engaged in engineer, volunteer
-emia blood condition anemia, hypoglycemia, leukemia
-en makes the word a verb awaken, fasten, strengthen
-ence state or condition, action absence, dependence, negligence
-ency condition or quality clemency, dependency, efficiency
-ent inclined to performing/causing, or one who performs/causes competent, correspondent, absorbent
-er more bigger, faster, happier
action or process flutter, ponder, stutter
a person who does an action announcer, barber, teacher
-ern state or quality of eastern, northern, western
-escence state or process adolescence, convalescence
-ese relating to a place Chinese, Congolese, Vietnamese
-esque in the style of Kafkaesque, grotesque, burlesque
-ess female actress, heiress, lioness
-est most funniest, hottest, silliest
-etic relating to (makes the word an adj.) athletic, energetic, poetic
-ette diminutive (makes something smaller) cigarette, diskette, kitchenette
-ful full of helpful, thankful, cheerful
-fy make, cause (makes the word a verb) amplify, falsify, terrify
-gam/gamy marriage, union monogam, polygamy
-gon/gonic angle hexagon, polygonic, pentagon
-hood state, condition, or quality childhood, neighborhood, motherhood
-ial relating to celestial, editorial, martial
-ian relating to Martian, utopian, pediatrician
-iasis diseased condition elephantiasis, psoriasis
-iatric healing practice pediatric, psychiatric,
-ible able to be audible, plausible, legible
-ic/ical relating to, characterized by analytic/al, comic/al, organic
-ile relating to, capable of agile, docile, volatile
-ily in what manner sloppily, steadily, zanily
-ine relating to canine, feminine, masculine
-ing materials bedding, frosting, roofing
action or process dancing, seeing, writing
-ion action or process celebration, completion, navigation
-ious having the qualities of, full of ambitious, cautious, gracious
-ish relating to, characteristic apish, brutish, childish
-ism state or quality altruism, despotism, heroism
-ist a person, one who does an action artist, linguist, pianist
-ite resident of, follower, product of suburbanite, luddite, dynamite
-itis inflammation, preoccupation appendicitis, tonsillitis, frontrunneritis
-ity state, condition, or quality abnormality, civility, necessity
-ive inclined to; quality of; that which attractive, expensive, repulsive
-ization act or process of making colonization, fertilization, modernization
-ize cause, treat, become antagonize, authorize, popularize
-less without fearless, helpless, homeless
-let version of booklet, droplet, inlet
-like resembling, characteristic childlike, homelike, lifelike
-ling younger or inferior duckling, underling
-loger/logist one who does astrologer, cardiologist, chronologer
-log speech dialog, monolog,
-ly in what manner badly, courageously, happily
-ment action, result movement, placement, shipment
-ness state or quality (makes a noun) kindness, shyness, weakness
-oid resembling humanoid, tabloid, hemorrhoid
-ology study of, science of anthropology, archaeology, biology
-oma tumor, swelling carcinoma, osteoma, hematoma
-onym name, word synonym, antonym, homonym
-opia eye defect myopia, nyctalopia, hyperopia
-opsy examination biopsy, autopsy, necropsy
-or a person who inventor, legislator, translator
-ory relating to armory, dormitory, laboratory
-osis process, diseased condition diagnosis, prognosis, neurosis, psychosis
-ostomy/otomy surgical colostomy, lobotomy, craniotomy
-ous full of hazardous, humorous, wondrous
-path one who engages in homeopath, naturopath, psychopath
-pathy feeling, diseased sympathy, apathy, neuropathy
-phile one who loves bibliophile, audiophile, pyrophile
-phobia abnormal fear of acrophobia, claustrophobia, xenophobia
-phone sound homophone, telephone, microphone
-phyte plant, to grow zoophyte, cryptophyte, epiphyte
-plegia paralysis paraplegia, quadriplegia, hemiplegia
-plegic one who is paralyzed paraplegic, technoplegic, quadriplegic
-pnea air, spirit apnea, hyperpnea, orthopnea
-scopy/scope visual exam arthroscopy, gastroscopy, microscope
-scribe/script to write transcript, describe, manuscript
-sect to cut dissect, insect, bisect
-ship state or condition of, skill of authorship, citizenship, friendship
-sion state or quality confusion, depression, tension
-some characterized by, group of cumbersome, quarrelsome, foursome
-sophy/sophic wisdom, knowledge philosophy, theosophy, anthroposophic
-th state or quality depth, length, strength
-tion state or quality attention, caution, fascination
-tome/tomy to cut hysterectomy, epitome, tonsillotome
-trophy nourishment, growth atrophy, hypertrophy, dystrophy
-tude state, condition or quality fortitude, gratitude, magnitude
-ty state, condition or quality ability, honesty, loyalty
-ular relating to or resembling cellular, circular, muscular
-uous state or quality of arduous, tumultuous, virtuous
-ure action, condition closure, erasure, failure
-ward specifies direction backward, eastward, homeward
-ware things of the same type or material hardware, software, kitchenware
-wise in what manner or direction clockwise, lengthwise, otherwise
-y made up of, characterized brainy, fruity, gooey

Ways to Use Instead of VERY

very accurate precise, exact, unimpeachable, perfect, flawless
very aggressive forceful, overconfident, insistent, hardline
very amazed astounded, flabbergasted, astonished, shocked
very angry furious, irate, enraged, incensed, fuming, livid
very anxious dismayed, apprehensive, restless, fretful
very aware conscious, savvy, apprised, mindful, cognizant
very bad awful, deplorable, appalling, rotten, miserable
very basic rudimentary, primary, fundamental, simple
very beautiful gorgeous, stunning, exquisite, magnificent
very bloody gory, brutal, barbarous, savage, murderous
very bony skeletal, angular, spindly, gaunt, emaciated
very boring tedious, dreary, uninteresting, mind-numbing
very bright brilliant, dazzling, radiant, blinding, intense
very capable efficient, competent, adept, proficient, skillful
very careful meticulous, fastidious, precise, scrupulous
very caring compassionate, kind, attentive, sympathetic
very civil polite, courteous, respectful, cultured, mannerly
very clean spotless, immaculate, stainless, shining, hygienic
very clear transparent, sheer, translucent, glassy, crystal
very clever astute, brilliant, shrewd, ingenious, crafty, sharp
very cold frigid, bitter, icy, freezing, glacial, frosty, polar
very colorful vibrant, vivid, kaleidoscopic, variegated, vivid
very competitive ambitious, driven, cutthroat, bloodthirsty
very concerned worried, troubled, upset, distressed, agitated
very confident poised, cool, self-assured, self-reliant, secure
very confused baffled, befuddled, mystified, clueless, dazed
very conscious deliberate, intentional, premeditated, willful
very consistent constant, unfailing, uniform, harmonious, same
very contrary belligerent, argumentative, confrontational
very conventional conservative, common, predictable, unoriginal
very corrupt fraudulent, crooked, unethical, dishonest, rotten
very creamy velvety, buttery, rich, smooth, milky, greasy
very creepy unnerving, skin-crawling, spooky, sinister, weird
very critical vital, crucial, essential, indispensable, integral
very crunchy crispy, brittle, crackling, gravelly, crusty, gritty
very curious inquisitive, nosy, prying, snoopy, quizzical
very cute adorable, endearing, delightful, pretty, charming
very dangerous perilous, precarious, unsafe, treacherous, dicey
very dark black, inky, ebony, sooty, lightless, starless, unlit
very decent civilized, upright, courteous, respectable, noble
very deep abysmal, bottomless, cavernous, yawning, vast
very deformed twisted, contorted, misshapen, mutilated
very delicate subtle, slight, fragile, frail, flimsy, insubstantial
very desperate frantic, fraught, grave, serious, hopeless, dire
very determined resolute, adamant, obstinate, tenacious, dogged
very different unusual, distinctive, atypical, dissimilar, unlike
very difficult complicated, complex, demanding, arduous
very dirty filthy, foul, grimy, polluted, squalid, dilapidated
very disagreeable contrary, obnoxious, offensive, repugnant, rude
very dismal miserable, cheerless, depressing, morbid
very distinct clear, definite, patent, evident, apparent
very dramatic theatrical, histrionic, melodramatic, vivid
very dry arid, parched, sere, dehydrated, withered
very dubious suspicious, skeptical, cynical, unconvinced
very eager impatient, ardent, fervent, keen, earnest
very easy effortless, uncomplicated, unchallenging, simple
very educational enlightening, edifying, informative, revealing
very efficient competent, proficient, resourceful, able
very embarrassed mortified, humiliated, discomfited, ashamed
very emotional demonstrative, sensitive, temperamental
very enthusiastic zealous, eager, fervent, vehement, ebullient
very exciting exhilarating, electrifying, thrilling, breathtaking
very expensive costly, exorbitant, overpriced, extravagant
very fair equitable, impartial, neutral, nonpartisan
very faithful loyal, devoted, staunch, unwavering, stalwart
very familiar common, established, typical, traditional
very famous renowned, eminent, legendary, celebrated
very far distant, remote, isolated, secluded, extrasolar
very fast rapid, swift, fleet, blistering, supersonic
very fat obese, corpulent, rotund, blubbery, round
very fertile prolific, productive, fruitful, rich, lush, fecund
very few meager, scarce, scant, limited, negligible
very fierce vicious, ferocious, savage, keen, intense, feral
very firm solid, hard, rigid, set, frozen, unyielding
very fizzy effervescent, frothy, foamy, sudsy
very fluffy downy, fuzzy, fleecy, feathery, cottony
very fond devoted, attentive, enamored, doting
very fragile tenuous, unstable, precarious, frail, delicate
very friendly gregarious, outgoing, chummy, demonstrative
very frustrating exasperating, infuriating, disheartening, vexing
very full overflowing, bursting, crammed, packed, sated
very funny hilarious, hysterical, sidesplitting, rollicking
very good superb, superior, excellent, outstanding
very graceful flowing, supple, lithe, willowy, lissome
very greedy gluttonous, avaricious, materialistic, insatiable
very hairy hirsute, shaggy, furry, bushy, unshaven
very happy ecstatic, overjoyed, euphoric, blissful, elated
very hard inflexible, stony, steely, unyielding, tough, rigid
very healthy hale, hardy, flourishing, fit, robust, vigorous
very heavy leaden, ponderous, weighty, dense, hefty
very helpful supportive, obliging, accommodating, invaluable
very honest candid, sincere, authentic, forthright, frank
very hot burning, scalding, blistering, scorching, searing
very hungry starving, famished, ravenous, hollow, voracious
very ill infirm, bedridden, frail, terminal, incurable
very immature childish, infantile, naive, jejune, callow, green
very immoral depraved, decadent, debauched, iniquitous
very important crucial, vital, essential, paramount, imperative
very impressive extraordinary, remarkable, awe-inspiring
very inebriated intoxicated, drunk, soused, smashed, plastered
very informal casual, unceremonious, easygoing, simple
very intelligent brainy, clever, bright, gifted, intellectual, astute
very intense severe, extreme, fierce, overpowering, acute
very interesting fascinating, remarkable, riveting, compelling
very jealous envious, resentful, grudging, green, bitter
very juicy succulent, moist, ripe, luscious, fleshy, syrupy
very large huge, humongous, mammoth, gargantuan
very lavish excessive, opulent, posh, luxurious, sumptuous
very light buoyant, insubstantial, weightless, airy, ethereal
very likely expected, imminent, probable, unavoidable
very lively energetic, vivacious, exuberant, spirited
very logical rational, cogent, credible, consistent, sound
very lonely isolated, deserted, forlorn, solitary, abandoned
very long extended, extensive, interminable, protracted
very loud deafening, thunderous, booming, blaring
very loved adored, precious, cherished, revered, beloved
very lucky charmed, blessed, favored, fortunate, fluky
very moody morose, temperamental, unstable, changeable
very much plenty, oceans, heaps, scads, oodles, loads
very much so of course, okay, yes, absolutely, precisely
very musical melodic, melodious, harmonious, dulcet
very near handy, close-by, alongside, convenient, nearby
very neat orderly, tidy, uncluttered, immaculate, spotless
very negative pessimistic, defeatist, cynical, critical, fatalistic
very new novel, innovative, fresh, original, cutting-edge
very nice enjoyable, pleasant, agreeable, satisfying
very numerous abundant, copious, myriad, profuse
very obvious apparent, clear, evident, plain, visible
very occasionally seldom, rarely, infrequently, sporadically
very old grizzled, aged, hoary, ancient, grey, decrepit
very opinionated dogmatic, cocksure, biased, partisan
very optimistic enthusiastic, buoyant, encouraged, positive
very painful excruciating, agonizing, searing, unbearable
very pale white, pallid, ashen, sallow, colorless, pasty
very persuasive convincing, believable, compelling, charming
very pleasant satisfying, fulfilling, rewarding, gratifying
very poor destitute, indigent, penniless, impoverished
very popular trendy, fashionable, admired, prevalent
very positive optimistic, upbeat, affirmative, constructive
very practical realistic, sensible, functional, doable, viable
very presentable shipshape, well-groomed, tidy, personable
very pure unadulterated, wholesome, pristine, clean
very quiet noiseless, silent, still, hushed, soundless
very rare scarce, sparse, unique, exceptional, peerless
very realistic genuine, credible, authentic, rational, true
very reasonable equitable, judicious, sensible, practical, fair
very recent the latest, current, fresh, up-to-date
very relevant germane, pertinent, appropriate, significant
very religious spiritual, devout, pious, fervent, dedicated
very responsible dependable, conscientious, reliable, steadfast
very risky perilous, hazardous, treacherous, precarious
very roomy spacious, expansive, vast, palatial, commodious
very rough coarse, jagged, rugged, craggy, gritty, broken
very rowdy boisterous, disorderly, raucous, unruly, wild
very rude vulgar, insolent, offensive, derogatory, boorish
very sad desolate, disconsolate, wretched, dejected
very safe harmless, benign, secure, protected, sheltered
very same identical, matching, indistinguishable, exact
very sassy impertinent, cheeky, insolent, disrespectful
very scared terrified, petrified, terror-stricken, panicked
very serious solemn, somber, stern, dour, melancholy, grim
very severe acute, grave, critical, serious, brutal, relentless
very sexy seductive, steamy, provocative, erotic, sensual
very shaky tremulous, quaking, vibrating, unsteady
very short stubby, squat, dwarf, diminutive, petite
very shy timid, backward, introverted, withdrawn
very significant key, noteworthy, momentous, major, vital
very silky sleek, smooth, satiny, glossy, lustrous, shiny
very similar alike, akin, analogous, comparable, equivalent
very simple easy, straightforward, effortless, uncomplicated
very slow sluggish, sedate, plodding, creeping, snail-like
very small tiny, miniscule, infinitesimal, microscopic, wee
very smooth flat, glassy, polished, level, even, unblemished
very soft malleable, yielding, spongy, muted, doughy
very sorry remorseful, repentant, penitent, contrite
very sour acerbic, tart, vinegary, biting, harsh, caustic
very specific precise, exact, explicit, definite, unambiguous
very stinky putrid, fetid, rank, rancid, putrescent, noxious
very strange weird, eerie, bizarre, uncanny, peculiar, odd
very strict stern, austere, severe, rigorous, harsh, rigid
very strong muscular, brawny, rugged, powerful, tough
very stupid idiotic, dense, vacuous, ridiculous, inane
very substantial considerable, significant, extensive, ample
very successful lucrative, productive, thriving, prosperous
very sudden unexpected, abrupt, precipitous, unforeseen
very suitable appropriate, fitting, seemly, proper, correct
very sure positive, persuaded, certain, convinced, absolute
very suspicious skeptical, distrustful, wary, guarded, leery
very sweet syrupy, sugary, honeyed, cloying, candied
very tactile touchable, palpable, physical, perceptible
very tall towering, lofty, multistory, soaring, statuesque
very tame docile, submissive, meek, compliant, subdued
very tasty delectable, mouthwatering, scrumptious, divine
very tempting irresistible, enticing, tantalizing, alluring
very tense overwrought, rigid, taut, strained, agitated
very terrible dreadful, horrendous, horrific, shocking
very thin gaunt, scrawny, emaciated, haggard, skeletal
very tired exhausted, spent, frazzled, bushed, drained
very traditional conventional, established, customary, habitual
very treacherous traitorous, disloyal, unfaithful, perfidious
very ugly hideous, revolting, repugnant, grotesque
very unfair unjust, bigoted, prejudiced, inequitable
very unlikely improbable, implausible, doubtful, dubious
very unusual abnormal, extraordinary, uncommon, unique
very useful expedient, effective, nifty, handy, valuable
very valuable precious, priceless, treasured, inestimable
very violent abusive, savage, barbarous, cutthroat, cruel
very visible conspicuous, exposed, obvious, prominent
very warm stifling, hot, sultry, sweltering, oppressive
very wary skeptical, suspicious, leery, vigilant, distrustful
very weak feeble, frail, delicate, debilitated, fragile, sickly
very well superb, fine, fabulous, all right, okay, good
very wet saturated, soaked, waterlogged, sopping
very wicked evil, sinful, villainous, nefarious, fiendish
very wide vast, expansive, sweeping, boundless, distended
very widespread extensive, pervasive, prevalent, rampant
very wild untamed, feral, unmanageable, uncontrollable
very windy roaring, blustery, turbulent, howling, wild
very wise sagacious, sage, astute, enlightened, shrewd
very worried distressed, distraught, overwrought, upset
very young undeveloped, fledgling, immature, budding
very zealous driven, ambitious, motivated, passionate

  1. very accurate = exact
  2. very afraid = terrified
  3. very angry = furious
  4. very bad = atrocious
  5. very beautiful = exquisite
  6. very big = immense
  7. very boring = dull
  8. very brave = courageous
  9. very bright = luminous
  10. very busy = overloaded
  11. very calm = serene
  12. very careful = cautious
  13. very charmed = mesmerized
  14. very cheap = stingy
  15. very clean = spotless
  16. very clever = brilliant
  17. very cold = freezing
  18. very colorful = vibrant
  19. very compete = comprehensive
  20. very competitive = cutthroat
  21. very confused = perplexed
  22. very conventional = conservative
  23. very core = gist
  24. very creative = innovative
  25. very crowded = bustling
  26. very cute = adorable
  27. very dangerous = threatening
  28. very dark = lightless
  29. very dear = cherished
  30. very deep = profound
  31. very depressed = despondent
  32. very detailed = meticulous
  33. very different = disparate
  34. very difficult = challenging
  35. very disagreeable = obnoxious
  36. very distressing = dreadful
  37. very dry = parched
  38. very dull = tedious
  39. very eager = keen
  40. very easy = smooth
  41. very empty = desolate
  42. very evil = wicked
  43. very excited = thrilled
  44. very exciting = exhilarating
  45. very expensive = costly
  46. very fancy = lavish
  47. very far away = distant
  48. very fast = quick
  49. very fat = obese
  50. very fierce = relentless
  51. very fond = attached
  52. very fortunate = blessed
  53. very friendly = affectionate
  54. very funny = hilarious
  55. very glad = overjoyed
  56. very good = excellent
  57. very gracefully = lithely
  58. very great = terrific
  59. very greedy = impatient
  60. very happy = ecstatic
  61. very hard = difficult
  62. very hard-to-find = rare
  63. very high = soaring
  64. very huge = colossal
  65. very humble = courteous
  66. very hungry = starving
  67. very hurt = battered/crushed
  68. very important = crucial
  69. very inexpensive = cheap
  70. very interesting = fascinating
  71. very jolly = carefree
  72. very kind = considerate
  73. very large = huge
  74. very lazy = indolent
  75. very light = luminous
  76. very limited = finite
  77. very little = tiny
  78. very lively = animated
  79. very long = extensive
  80. very long-term = enduring
  81. very loose = slack
  82. very loud = deafening
  83. very loved = adored
  84. very lovely = stunning
  85. very mean = cruel
  86. very messy = slovenly
  87. very much = enough
  88. very neat = immaculate
  89. very necessary = essential
  90. very nervous = apprehensive
  91. very nice = kind
  92. very noisy = deafening
  93. very numerous = diverse
  94. very often = frequently
  95. very old = ancient
  96. very open = transparent
  97. very painful = excruciating
  98. very pale = ashen
  99. very perfect = flawless
  100. very pleasant = amiable
  101. very poor = destitute/underprivileged
  102. very powerful = compelling
  103. very pretty = beautiful
  104. very protective = defensive
  105. very proud = honored
  106. very quick = rapid
  107. very quiet = silent
  108. very raining = pouring
  109. very rainy = drizzly
  110. very realistic = practical
  111. very rich = wealthy
  112. very risky = perilous
  113. very roomy = spacious
  114. very sad = sorrowful
  115. very scared = petrified
  116. very serious = grave
  117. very sharp = keen
  118. very shiny = gleaming
  119. very short = brief
  120. very shy = timid
  121. very simple = basic
  122. very skinny = skeletal
  123. very sleepy = lethargic
  124. very slow = sluggish
  125. very smelly = pungent
  126. very smooth = sleek
  127. very soft = downy
  128. very sorry = apologetic
  129. very special = exceptional
  130. very strong = unyielding
  131. very stupid = idiotic
  132. very sure = certain
  133. very talented = gifted
  134. very tall = towering
  135. very tasty = delicious
  136. very thin = gaunt
  137. very tight = constricting
  138. very tired = exhausted
  139. very ugly = hideous
  140. very unhappy = miserable
  141. very upset = distraught
  142. very valuable = precious
  143. very warm = hot
  144. very weak = frail
  145. very wet = soaked
  146. very wicked = villainous
  147. very willing = eager
  148. very windy = blustery
  149. very wise = sage
  150. very worried = distressed